U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services has rescinded Matter of Z-R-Z-C-, holding that individuals in temporary protected status (TPS) who apply for permission to travel abroad will now be found to have been inspected and admitted for purposes of adjustment of status. Individuals in TPS who would like to travel abroad will now be issued a new TPS-specific travel authorization document that enables international travel. Individuals in TPS who have been admitted back into the U.S. using this travel document following international travel will satisfy the “inspected and admitted” requirement to apply for adjustment of status. This is true even if the initial entry was without inspection. Happily, this new policy enables TPS holders to apply for permanent residence in the U.S. if they have a family-based petitioner, a qualifying employment visa petition or another option for permanent residency. To find out more about this process, please contact us for a consultation.
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) announced on Monday that the agency is providing up to $20 million in grant funding for citizenship preparation programs. This amounts to a $10 million increase from last year. These grants are awarded to organizations that provide naturalization preparation courses, English courses and U.S. civics instruction so that applicants can best prepare to apply for U.S. citizenship. DHS Secretary Mayorkas summarized the intention behind this increase in funding as follows: “By adding additional funding opportunities, organizations will be able to reach more communities and ensure noncitizens have access to the tools and resources needed for citizenship education.”
To apply for these funding opportunities, visit www.grants.gov. USCIS encourages applicants to visit www.grants.gov before the application deadline to obtain registration information needed to complete the application process.
For additional information on the Citizenship and Integration Grant Program for fiscal year 2022, visit www.uscis.gov/grants or email the USCIS Office of Citizenship at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has rescinded a 17-month-old requirement that people arriving to the United States by air test negative for COVID-19. The order rescinding the requirement of a negative COVID-19 test is effective as of June 11, 2022.
Pursuant to a January 26, 2021 CDC Order, all air passengers ages 2 and older traveling to the U.S. from a foreign country were required to present a negative COVID-19 test result taken from a sample taken no more than one day before departure, or documentation of recovery from COVID-19 in the past 90 days, prior to boarding a flight. Citing changed circumstances, including the “widespread uptake of effective COVID-19 vaccines and accompanying vaccine- and infection-induced immunity,” the CDC concluded that it was no longer necessary to leave the Order in place, but continued to recommend that travelers remain up to date with vaccination against COVID-19 and get tested for infection with a viral test before and after traveling.
USCIS’s premium processing service is in the process of being expanded. Specifically, USCIS announced that as of June 1, 2022 it will begin this expansion by accepting premium processing requests for Form I-140 Multinational Executive and Manager Petitions received on or before January 1, 2021. USCIS further announced that beginning July 1, 2022, it will accept premium processing requests for Form I-140 on behalf of National Interest Waiver Petitions received on or before June 1, 2021, as well as Form I-140 Multinational Executive and Manager Petitions received on or before March 1, 2021. Applying for premium processing under these expanded options carries a 45 day processing timeframe and a $2,500 government filing fee.
Pursuant to a recent USCIS policy change whereby the Service is now acknowledging that L-2, E-1, E-2, and E-3 spouses have employment authorization incident to their immigration status, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) has confirmed that it is updating all L-2 I-94s for L-2 spouses, 22 years of age or older, to add “S” to the status for those who entered prior to 1/31/22. Those entering on January 31, 2022 or later have had the “S” added upon entry to the U.S. CBP did not add the “S” to L-2 I-94 cards for foreign nationals ages 18-21 at time of entry, due to uncertainty about whether they were dependent spouses or children. For this group of L-2 dependents, the “S” will need to be added to applicable I-94s on next entry to the U.S., by presenting evidence of spousal relationship, or through the next filing with USCIS. CBP has been unable to make this adjustment for E-2 spouses given the difficulty in distinguishing between an E-2 principal and an E-2 dependent spouse. To seek the “S,” E-2 spouses will need to follow the same instructions as for the L-2 dependents ages 18-21.
USCIS is now issuing I-797 approval notices for L-2 and E-2 spouses that specifically state the notice may be used to document work authorization and for completion of Form I-9.
USCIS has implemented this change to help bridge gaps in employment authorization that have become spurred by lengthy processing delays.
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services announced this week that they are increasing the automatic extension timeframe for employment authorization documents (EADs) from 180 to 540 days. This EAD automatic extension applies to immigration status categories such as asylees, refugees, TPS holders, and spouses in H-4, E and L status with an unexpired I-94. For the full list of eligible categories please check out the USCIS website at: https://www.uscis.gov/eadautoextend.
USCIS has implemented this change to help bridge gaps in employment authorization that have become more and more common during the past few years as a result of lengthening processing timelines. While this increased extension will undoubtedly help EAD applicants stay employment authorized for longer, we hope to see USCIS also dedicate resources to hiring additional staff so that case processing times can speed up and renewed EADs can be promptly issued.
USCBP is urging travelers who require an I-94 to apply and prepay online before arriving at the land border. A Form I-94 is needed by all visitors except: U.S. citizens, returning resident aliens, aliens with immigrant visas, and most Canadian citizens visiting or in transit. Travelers will be issued an I-94 during the admission process at the port of entry. If you are traveling via a land border you may apply for an I-94 in advance at https://i94.cbp.dhs.gov/I94/#/home , which will save a considerable amount of time while at the port of entry later.
CBP also provides the following tips to speed up the border crossings process:
1. Check out the CBP informational website (http://www.cbp.gov/). The CBP site has been completely redesigned to help users quickly access the content they need. It also is optimized for access by smart phones and makes use of a new content delivery network that will improve access internationally.
2. Beat the border rush Cross during off-peak times, such as before 6 a.m. or after 3 p.m. Most lines at the border start building in the morning and carry on into early afternoon. Monitor wait times via the CBP “Border Wait Times” website. Information is updated hourly and is useful in planning trips and identifying periods of light use/short waits.
3. Keep travel documents handy. Make sure each passenger has the correct travel document accessible and ready to give to the CBP officer. If you are a frequent international traveler and have not already become a member of a trusted traveler program, sign up now. For more information, please visit CBP’s Trusted Traveler Programs website.
4. Know the contents of your vehicles and be prepared to declare all items. Travelers are required to declare all items being imported into the United States from Canada. If you are not sure about what to declare, do not hesitate to ask the CBP officer.
5. Know what food products can be imported. Many fruits, meats, dairy and poultry products are prohibited from being imported into the United States from Canada. For more information, view prohibited and restricted items on the USCBP website.
6. Declare all firearms. Travelers are reminded that specific requirements must be met to import or export firearms and ammunition to/from the United States. For more information on the importation or exportation of firearms and ammunition visit the ATF website.
7. Leave marijuana at home. Although marijuana is legal in many U.S. states and Canada, the sale, possession, production and distribution of marijuana all remain illegal under federal law.
As part of the permanent residency process, applicants apply for employment authorization and permission to travel outside of the United States. When approved, applicants have historically received one “combination card” that includes both their employment authorization (EAD) and advance parole (AP) travel permission. In the aftermath of COVID, USCIS processing times for EAD/AP combo cards has slowed significantly, and many applicants for permanent residence have been finding themselves without employment authorization as they wait for USCIS to adjudicate their combo card. In effort to speed up processing times for EADs and try to prevent this gap in employment authorization, USCIS has begun to issue EADs without the requested AP benefit; basically decoupling the combination card. Immigration attorneys and applicants for permanent residence are just now seeing these decoupled benefits being issued, as many people are receiving their EAD, but not their AP travel permission. In most cases, the AP is being approved several weeks to several months later. Any adjustment of status applicants waiting for a pending EAD/AP card should take note that once approved, the EAD may not also include AP travel permission. For more information, reach out to one of our attorneys for a consultation.
The US Department of State (USDOS) has released the April 2022 Visa Bulletin. For the month of April 2022, the priority date cutoff for the EB-2 India “dates for filing” category has advanced significantly. USCIS has also indicated that for the month of April 2022, it will be accepting I-485 applications based on the “dates for filing” chart. For a variety of reasons, more immigrant visas are available in the EB-2 category this fiscal year. Thus, USCIS is predicting a record number of immigrant visa approvals in the EB-2 category between now and September 30, 2022. In comparison, the EB-3 India category has retrogressed and is not expected to advance as quickly as the EB-2 category for the foreseeable future. USCIS is encouraging those who are eligible, including those who filed EB-3 downgrade I-140 petitions with I-485 applications, to apply in the EB-2 category as soon as possible. Per recent USCIS guidance, one can only transfer a pending EB-3 I-485 application to an approved/pending EB-2 I-140 petition if their priority date is current in the EB-2 India “final action” date category. Thus, for those with priority dates that are current under the EB-2 India “filing date” category, but are not current under the EB-2 India “final action” date category, the only option at this time is to file a 2nd I-485 application based on the pending/approved EB-2 I-140 petition. Given the expected high demand in the EB-2 India category, it is likely that the EB-2 India category will retrogress significantly before September 30, 2022. The benefit of proceeding with a 2nd I-485 application is that going forward those who have filed I-485 applications in both categories will have maximized their chances of being approved for permanent residence as quickly as possible. For more information on these options or to discuss your individual circumstances, please contact us to schedule a consultation appointment.