Immigration Blog

by Caroline Lee Caroline Lee No Comments

USCIS Issuing New I-797 Approval Notices for L-2 and E-2 Spouses

Pursuant to a recent USCIS policy change whereby the Service is now acknowledging that L-2, E-1, E-2, and E-3 spouses have employment authorization incident to their immigration status, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) has confirmed that it is updating all L-2 I-94s for L-2 spouses, 22 years of age or older, to add “S” to the status for those who entered prior to 1/31/22. Those entering on January 31, 2022 or later have had the “S” added upon entry to the U.S. CBP did not add the “S” to L-2 I-94 cards for foreign nationals ages 18-21 at time of entry, due to uncertainty about whether they were dependent spouses or children. For this group of L-2 dependents, the “S” will need to be added to applicable I-94s on next entry to the U.S., by presenting evidence of spousal relationship, or through the next filing with USCIS. CBP has been unable to make this adjustment for E-2 spouses given the difficulty in distinguishing between an E-2 principal and an E-2 dependent spouse. To seek the “S,” E-2 spouses will need to follow the same instructions as for the L-2 dependents ages 18-21.

USCIS is now issuing I-797 approval notices for L-2 and E-2 spouses that specifically state the notice may be used to document work authorization and for completion of Form I-9.

by Breanne Johnson Breanne Johnson No Comments

EAD Automatic Extensions Increased from 180 to 540 Days

USCIS has implemented this change to help bridge gaps in employment authorization that have become spurred by lengthy processing delays.

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services announced this week that they are increasing the automatic extension timeframe for employment authorization documents (EADs) from 180 to 540 days. This EAD automatic extension applies to immigration status categories such as asylees, refugees, TPS holders, and spouses in H-4, E and L status with an unexpired I-94.  For the full list of eligible categories please check out the USCIS website at: https://www.uscis.gov/eadautoextend.

USCIS has implemented this change to help bridge gaps in employment authorization that have become more and more common during the past few years as a result of lengthening processing timelines. While this increased extension will undoubtedly help EAD applicants stay employment authorized for longer, we hope to see USCIS also dedicate resources to hiring additional staff so that case processing times can speed up and renewed EADs can be promptly issued.

by Lisa York Lisa York No Comments

USCBP Encourages US Land Travelers to Apply in Advance for I-94 Cards & Offers Other Tips for Crossing the Border Faster!

USCBP is urging travelers who require an I-94 to apply and prepay online before arriving at the land border. A Form I-94 is needed by all visitors except: U.S. citizens, returning resident aliens, aliens with immigrant visas, and most Canadian citizens visiting or in transit. Travelers will be issued an I-94 during the admission process at the port of entry. If you are traveling via a land border you may apply for an I-94 in advance at  https://i94.cbp.dhs.gov/I94/#/home , which will save a considerable amount of time while at the port of entry later.

CBP also provides the following tips to speed up the border crossings process:

1. Check out the CBP informational website (http://www.cbp.gov/). The CBP site has been completely redesigned to help users quickly access the content they need. It also is optimized for access by smart phones and makes use of a new content delivery network that will improve access internationally.

2. Beat the border rush Cross during off-peak times, such as before 6 a.m. or after 3 p.m. Most lines at the border start building in the morning and carry on into early afternoon. Monitor wait times via the CBP “Border Wait Times” website. Information is updated hourly and is useful in planning trips and identifying periods of light use/short waits.

3. Keep travel documents handy. Make sure each passenger has the correct travel document accessible and ready to give to the CBP officer. If you are a frequent international traveler and have not already become a member of a trusted traveler program, sign up now. For more information, please visit CBP’s Trusted Traveler Programs website.

4. Know the contents of your vehicles and be prepared to declare all items. Travelers are required to declare all items being imported into the United States from Canada. If you are not sure about what to declare, do not hesitate to ask the CBP officer.

5. Know what food products can be imported. Many fruits, meats, dairy and poultry products are prohibited from being imported into the United States from Canada. For more information, view prohibited and restricted items on the USCBP website.

6. Declare all firearms. Travelers are reminded that specific requirements must be met to import or export firearms and ammunition to/from the United States. For more information on the importation or exportation of firearms and ammunition visit the ATF website.

7. Leave marijuana at home.  Although marijuana is legal in many U.S. states and Canada, the sale, possession, production and distribution of marijuana all remain illegal under federal law.

by Breanne Johnson Breanne Johnson No Comments

USCIS Begins Issuing Decoupled EADs and APs

As part of the permanent residency process, applicants apply for employment authorization and permission to travel outside of the United States. When approved, applicants have historically received one “combination card” that includes both their employment authorization (EAD) and advance parole (AP) travel permission. In the aftermath of COVID, USCIS processing times for EAD/AP combo cards has slowed significantly, and many applicants for permanent residence have been finding themselves without employment authorization as they wait for USCIS to adjudicate their combo card. In effort to speed up processing times for EADs and try to prevent this gap in employment authorization, USCIS has begun to issue EADs without the requested AP benefit; basically decoupling the combination card. Immigration attorneys and applicants for permanent residence are just now seeing these decoupled benefits being issued, as many people are receiving their EAD, but not their AP travel permission. In most cases, the AP is being approved several weeks to several months later. Any adjustment of status applicants waiting for a pending EAD/AP card should take note that once approved, the EAD may not also include AP travel permission. For more information, reach out to one of our attorneys for a consultation.

by Lisa York Lisa York No Comments

USDOS Releases April 2022 Visa Bulletin – Significant Advancement in EB-2 India “Filing Date” Category

The US Department of State (USDOS) has released the April 2022 Visa Bulletin.  For the month of April 2022, the priority date cutoff for the EB-2 India “dates for filing” category has advanced significantly.   USCIS has also indicated that for the month of April 2022, it will be accepting I-485 applications based on the “dates for filing” chart.  For a variety of reasons, more immigrant visas are available in the EB-2 category this fiscal year.  Thus, USCIS is predicting a record number of immigrant visa approvals in the EB-2 category between now and September 30, 2022.  In comparison, the EB-3 India category has retrogressed and is not expected to advance as quickly as the EB-2 category for the foreseeable future.  USCIS is encouraging those who are eligible, including those who filed EB-3 downgrade I-140 petitions with I-485 applications, to apply in the EB-2 category as soon as possible.   Per recent USCIS guidance, one can only transfer a pending EB-3 I-485 application to an approved/pending EB-2 I-140 petition if their priority date is current in the EB-2 India “final action” date category. Thus, for those with priority dates that are current under the EB-2 India “filing date” category, but are not current under the EB-2 India “final action” date category, the only option at this time is to file a 2nd I-485 application based on the pending/approved EB-2 I-140 petition. Given the expected high demand in the EB-2 India category, it is likely that the EB-2 India category will retrogress significantly before September 30, 2022.  The benefit of proceeding with a 2nd I-485 application is that going forward those who have filed I-485 applications in both categories will have maximized their chances of being approved for permanent residence as quickly as possible.  For more information on these options or to discuss your individual circumstances, please contact us to schedule a consultation appointment. 

by Lisa York Lisa York No Comments

Current Processing Delays caused by COVID-19

While the processing of immigration applications was already severely delayed prior to the COVID pandemic, the problem has reached records levels since 2020.

Pre-COVID Processing Backlog:                   

USCIS:  5.7 Million Applications                   

DOS: 60,900 Interviews (wait for in-person interview)

Current Processing Backlog:

USCIS: 9.5 Million Applications

DOS: 532,000 Interviews (wait for in-person interview)

Processing Delays for Certain Petitions/Applications:   

  • I-485 Green card, based on family petitions in Denver (17 months)
  • I-90 Green card Renewal (15 months)
  • I-129 Fiancé Visa (10 months) 
  • I-130 Petition for Immediate Relative (10 months)
  • I-751 Petition to Remove Conditions  (17.5 months)
  • I-765 Work Authorization based on pending I-485 (15 months)
  • I-765 Work Authorization based on approved DACA  (3 months)
  • I-601A Waiver (27 months)
  • I-131 Application for Advanced Parole (8 months)
  • I-131 Application for Travel Document  (9 months)
  • N-400 Application for Naturalization  (12 months)

These delays have resulted in unused green cards in family-based categories. These green cards were then made available to the employment-based categories but only 140,000 if the 226,000 unused green cards were used in the last fiscal year.  

Steps USCIS/DOS have taken to alleviate the backlog problem in Family-based petitions:  

  • USCIS is using biometrics from previous appointments/applications
  • USCIS increased staffing and overtime at Lockbox facilities 
  • DOS will waive in-person interviews for green card applicants who were already issued visas but could not move to US due to COVID travel restrictions        
  • USCIS extended work authorization from 1 to 2 years for refugees, asylees, and parolees
  • USCIS reduced in-person interviews for refugees and asylees applying to sponsor spouses or children
  • USCIS is conducting remote interviews for refugees and asylees

Unfortunately, without extreme policy changes and modernization of the immigration system by congress, the effect of processing delays due to COVID will likely impact all immigration applications for the next decade.

by Lisa York Lisa York No Comments

Employment Authorization Update for L and E Dependent Spouses

CYA is excited to share news of a positive change to immigration! On November 10, 2021, USCIS entered into a Settlement Agreement as a result of a lawsuit (Shergill, et al. v. Mayorkas) that was filed because of record-long delays in processing EADs (employment authorization documents). As a result of this settlement, USCIS is changing its policy to acknowledge that L-2, E-1, E-2 and E-3 spouses have employment authorization incident to their immigration status. Thus, these spouses will no longer need to apply and be approved for an EAD in order to legally work in the U.S. Woo hoo! This is a welcome change, and USCIS is in the process of implementing this change now.

At present, L-2, E-1, E-2 and E-3 spouses who are now entering the United States from abroad are being issued updated I-94s that make it clear that they are employment authorized. For L-2, E-1, E-2 and E-3 spouses who are already present in the United States, USCIS recently announced that on April 1, 2022 it will begin a process of mailing notices to these individuals. This USCIS notice along with an unexpired Form I-94 will prove employment authorization. For more information on this evolving change in USCIS policy please keep an eye on our CYA blog or reach out to your attorney for a consultation.

by Lisa York Lisa York No Comments

FY2022 H-1B Cap Visas By the Numbers

The statistics regarding this year’s cap lottery (FY2023) won’t be published for awhile, but USCIS recently shared the data on the FY2022 H-1B cap season. Take a look!

· 308,613: Number of initial registrations received by USCIS

·  87,500: Number of initial registrations selected by USCIS to file petitions

· 131,970: Total number of registrations selected by USCIS after conducting two additional selection rounds

·  37,000: Approximate number of prospective petitioners (employers) who submitted registrations for their beneficiaries (employees)

·  48%: Approximate percentage of registrations that requested consideration under the advanced degree exemption (master’s cap).

by Lisa York Lisa York No Comments

USCIS to Expand Premium Processing Service

On March 30, 2022, USCIS published a final rule in the Federal Register that enables USCIS to designate additional types of petitions and applications for premium processing.  The final rule goes into effect on May 31, 2022. USCIS intends to phase in premium processing for these additional forms throughout the rest of FY 2022. USCIS will announce on its official website those requests for which premium processing of designated benefits is available, the dates when such availability commences or ends, and any conditions that may apply.  The final rule also establishes premium processing fees and timelines as follows:

• Form I–140 requesting EB–1 immigrant classification as a multinational executive or manager or EB–2 immigrant classification as a member of professions with advanced degrees or exceptional ability seeking a national interest waiver (NIW). Fee: $2,500. Timeframe: 45 days;

• Form I–539 requesting a change of status to F–1, F–2, J–1, J–2, M–1, or M– 2 nonimmigrant status or a change of status to or extension of stay in E–1, E– 2, E–3, H–4, L–2, O–3, P–4, or R–2 nonimmigrant status. Fee: $1,750. Timeframe: 30 days; and

• Form I–765 requesting employment authorization. Fee: $1,500. Timeframe: 30 days.

Please note that USCIS has not yet indicated when premium processing will be available for each of these form types; nor has USCIS yet determined which I-765 categories will be eligible for premium processing.  Stay tuned for additional information!

Top